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Sawaiyye Mehle Tijje Ke
(SGGS Ji Anggs 1392 – 1396)
Guru Amardas Ji was born on 5th May, 1479 and became the 3rd Guru of the Sikhs on 26th March 1552, at the age of 73.
Guru Ji moved from Khadur Sahib to Goindwal, about 45km from Amritsar.
Guru Ji has 907 Shabads in SGGS Ji, and the Divine Resonance and Sparkle of His Bani like Anand Sahib transforms Sikhs into Divine souls.
There are 22 Sawaiyye by 6 Bhatts Sahibs in Praise of God and Guru Amardas Ji (Shabad Roop).
Bhatt Kalasahar Ji has 9 Sawaiyye and he begins the Praises in Pada no. 1 by saying we should always remember the Primal Being, the True Lord God, whose One Name is Undeceivable. This Supreme, Sublime Name carries His Saints across the terrifying world ocean. It is this Naam which Guru Nanak Ji recited with delight and established Bhai Lehna Ji, together with all Spiritual Power.
The poet Kalasahar sings the Praises and the Glory of the wise, sublime and humble Guru Amardas Ji whose fame is spread throughout the world. His Praises radiate throughout the world, like the rays of the sun, and spread far like the branches of the fragrant Maulsar tree. Mortals from the North, South, East and West proclaim His victory. As a gurmukh (in the Sharan of Guru Nanak Dev Ji and Guru Angad Dev Ji), Guru Amardas Ji spoke the Lord’s Name everywhere and turned the tide of the hearts of men (away from maya, towards God). It is that Wondrous, Undeceivable Naam which ferries the Saints across, which welled up intuitively in Guru Amardas Ji.
“ੴ ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਪ੍ਰਸਾਦਿ ॥
One Universal Creator God. By The Grace Of The True Guru:
ਸੋਈ ਪੁਰਖੁ ਸਿਵਰਿ ਸਾਚਾ ਜਾ ਕਾ ਇਕੁ ਨਾਮੁ ਅਛਲੁ ਸੰਸਾਰੇ ॥
Dwell upon that Primal Being, the True Lord God; in this world, His One Name is Undeceivable.
ਜਿਨਿ ਭਗਤ ਭਵਜਲ ਤਾਰੇ ਸਿਮਰਹੁ ਸੋਈ ਨਾਮੁ ਪਰਧਾਨੁ ॥
He carries His devotees across the terrifying world-ocean; meditate in remembrance on His Naam, Supreme and Sublime.
ਤਿਤੁ ਨਾਮਿ ਰਸਿਕੁ ਨਾਨਕੁ ਲਹਣਾ ਥਪਿਓ ਜੇਨ ਸ੍ਰਬ ਸਿਧੀ ॥
Nanak delighted in the Naam; He established Lehnaa as Guru, who was imbued with all supernatural spiritual powers.
ਕਵਿ ਜਨ ਕਲ੍ਯ੍ਯ ਸਬੁਧੀ ਕੀਰਤਿ ਜਨ ਅਮਰਦਾਸ ਬਿਸ੍ਤਰੀਯਾ ॥
So speaks KALL the poet: the glory of the wise, sublime and humble Amar Daas is spread throughout the world.
ਕੀਰਤਿ ਰਵਿ ਕਿਰਣਿ ਪ੍ਰਗਟਿ ਸੰਸਾਰਹ ਸਾਖ ਤਰੋਵਰ ਮਵਲਸਰਾ ॥
His Praises radiate throughout the world, like the rays of the sun, and the branches of the maulsar (fragrant) tree.
So speaks KALL: fruitful is the life of one who meets with Guru Amar Daas, radiant with the Light of God. ||8||
ਬਾਰਿਜੁ ਕਰਿ ਦਾਹਿਣੈ ਸਿਧਿ ਸਨਮੁਖ ਮੁਖੁ ਜੋਵੈ ॥
On His right hand is the sign of the lotus; the Siddhis, the supernatural spiritual powers, await His Command.
ਰਿਧਿ ਬਸੈ ਬਾਂਵਾਂਗਿ ਜੁ ਤੀਨਿ ਲੋਕਾਂਤਰ ਮੋਹੈ ॥
On His left are worldly powers, which fascinate the three worlds.
ਰਿਦੈ ਬਸੈ ਅਕਹੀਉ ਸੋਇ ਰਸੁ ਤਿਨ ਹੀ ਜਾਤਉ ॥
The Inexpressible Lord abides in His Heart; He alone knows this joy.
ਮੁਖਹੁ ਭਗਤਿ ਉਚਰੈ ਅਮਰੁ ਗੁਰੁ ਇਤੁ ਰੰਗਿ ਰਾਤਉ ॥
Guru Amar Daas utters the words of devotion, imbued with the Love of the Lord.
ਮਸਤਕਿ ਨੀਸਾਣੁ ਸਚਉ ਕਰਮੁ ਕਲ੍ਯ੍ਯ ਜੋੜਿ ਕਰ ਧ੍ਯ੍ਯਾਇਅਉ ॥
On His forehead is the true insignia of the Lord’s Mercy; with his palms pressed together, KALL meditates on Him.
ਪਰਸਿਅਉ ਗੁਰੂ ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਤਿਲਕੁ ਸਰਬ ਇਛ ਤਿਨਿ ਪਾਇਅਉ ॥੯॥
Whoever meets with the Guru, the certified True Guru, has all his desires fulfilled. ||9||”
After the 9 Sawaiyye by Bhatt Kalasahar Ji, Jalap Bhatt has 5 Sawaiyyes. The 1st Pada of Jalap Bhatt’s Sawaiyye says, the feet are blessed if they walk upon the Path of Guru Amardas Ji. The hands are blessed which touch the Feet (Bani) of Guru Amardas Ji. The tongue is blessed which utters the Praises of Guru Amardas Ji, and blessed are the eyes which behold Shabad Roop Guru Amardas Ji. The ears which hear the Bani of Guru Amardas Ji are blessed and blessed is the soul which enshrines the Bani of Guru Amardas Ji within itself. Jalap says that head is blessed which bows daily before Guru Amardas Ji.
“ਚਰਣ ਤ ਪਰ ਸਕਯਥ ਚਰਣ ਗੁਰ ਅਮਰ ਪਵਲਿ ਰਯ ॥
Supremely fruitful are the feet which walk upon the path of Guru Amar Daas.
ਹਥ ਤ ਪਰ ਸਕਯਥ ਹਥ ਲਗਹਿ ਗੁਰ ਅਮਰ ਪਯ ॥
Supremely fruitful are the hands which touch the feet of Guru Amar Daas.
ਜੀਹ ਤ ਪਰ ਸਕਯਥ ਜੀਹ ਗੁਰ ਅਮਰੁ ਭਣਿਜੈ ॥
Supremely fruitful is the tongue which utters the praises of Guru Amar Daas.
ਨੈਣ ਤ ਪਰ ਸਕਯਥ ਨਯਣਿ ਗੁਰੁ ਅਮਰੁ ਪਿਖਿਜੈ ॥
Supremely fruitful are the eyes which behold Guru Amar Daas.
ਸ੍ਰਵਣ ਤ ਪਰ ਸਕਯਥ ਸ੍ਰਵਣਿ ਗੁਰੁ ਅਮਰੁ ਸੁਣਿਜੈ ॥
Supremely fruitful are the ears which hear the Praises of Guru Amar Daas.
Guru Amar Daas is the Lord’s own devotee; gazing upon the Blessed Vision of His Darshan, one is liberated. ||4||13||
ਗੁਰੁ ਅਮਰਦਾਸੁ ਪਰਸੀਐ ਪੁਹਮਿ ਪਾਤਿਕ ਬਿਨਾਸਹਿ ॥
Meeting with Guru Amar Daas, the earth is purged of its sin.
ਗੁਰੁ ਅਮਰਦਾਸੁ ਪਰਸੀਐ ਸਿਧ ਸਾਧਿਕ ਆਸਾਸਹਿ ॥
The Siddhas and seekers long to meet with Guru Amar Daas.
ਗੁਰੁ ਅਮਰਦਾਸੁ ਪਰਸੀਐ ਧਿਆਨੁ ਲਹੀਐ ਪਉ ਮੁਕਿਹਿ ॥
Meeting with Guru Amar Daas, the mortal meditates on the Lord, and his journey comes to its end.
ਗੁਰੁ ਅਮਰਦਾਸੁ ਪਰਸੀਐ ਅਭਉ ਲਭੈ ਗਉ ਚੁਕਿਹਿ ॥
Meeting with Guru Amar Daas, the Fearless Lord is obtained, and the cycle of reincarnation is brought to an end.
ਇਕੁ ਬਿੰਨਿ ਦੁਗਣ ਜੁ ਤਉ ਰਹੈ ਜਾ ਸੁਮੰਤ੍ਰਿ ਮਾਨਵਹਿ ਲਹਿ ॥
Realizing the One Lord, love of duality ceases, and one comes to accept the Sublime Mantra of the Guru.
ਜਾਲਪਾ ਪਦਾਰਥ ਇਤੜੇ ਗੁਰ ਅਮਰਦਾਸਿ ਡਿਠੈ ਮਿਲਹਿ ॥੫॥੧੪॥
So speaks Jaalap: countless treasures are obtained, by the sight of Guru Amar Daas. ||5||14||”
Bhatt Kirat Ji’s 4 Sawaiyye follow the Sawaiyye by Bhatt Jalap Ji. In the 1st pada, Bhatt Kirat Ji says, Guru Nanak Ji gathered the True Name of the Creator and implanted this Name within Himself. Through Guru Nanak Ji, Bhai Lehna Ji became manifest as Guru Angad Ji, always lovingly attuned to His Feet (Bani). From that same lineage (Gurgaddi) came Guru Amardas Ji, the House of Hope. How can I express His Glories Virtues?
His Virtues are Beyond Words and Unfathomable and the limits of His Virtues cannot be known. The Lord, the Architect of Destiny has made Him a Blessed Boat to carry across His generations, along with the Sadh Sanggat. Kirat Bhatt says, Guru Amardas Ji, I beseech You, please take me into Your Sharan, and save me.
“ਸਚੁ ਨਾਮੁ ਕਰਤਾਰੁ ਸੁ ਦ੍ਰਿੜੁ ਨਾਨਕਿ ਸੰਗ੍ਰਹਿਅਉ ॥
Guru Nanak gathered up the True Name of the Creator Lord, and implanted it within.
ਤਾ ਤੇ ਅੰਗਦੁ ਲਹਣਾ ਪ੍ਰਗਟਿ ਤਾਸੁ ਚਰਣਹ ਲਿਵ ਰਹਿਅਉ ॥
Through Him, Lehnaa became manifest in the form of Guru Angad, who remained lovingly attuned to His Feet.
Those who serve Guru Amar Daas – their pains and poverty are taken away, far away. ||3||17||
ਚਿਤਿ ਚਿਤਵਉ ਅਰਦਾਸਿ ਕਹਉ ਪਰੁ ਕਹਿ ਭਿ ਨ ਸਕਉ ॥
I consciously pray within my consciousness, but I cannot express it in words.
ਸਰਬ ਚਿੰਤ ਤੁਝੁ ਪਾਸਿ ਸਾਧਸੰਗਤਿ ਹਉ ਤਕਉ ॥
I place all my worries and anxieties before You; I look to the Saadh Sangat, the Company of the Holy, for help.
ਤੇਰੈ ਹੁਕਮਿ ਪਵੈ ਨੀਸਾਣੁ ਤਉ ਕਰਉ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਕੀ ਸੇਵਾ ॥
By the Hukam of Your Command, I am blessed with Your Insignia; I serve my Lord and Master.
ਜਬ ਗੁਰੁ ਦੇਖੈ ਸੁਭ ਦਿਸਟਿ ਨਾਮੁ ਕਰਤਾ ਮੁਖਿ ਮੇਵਾ ॥
When You, O Guru, gaze at me with Your Glance of Grace, the fruit of the Naam, the Name of the Creator, is placed within my mouth.
ਅਗਮ ਅਲਖ ਕਾਰਣ ਪੁਰਖ ਜੋ ਫੁਰਮਾਵਹਿ ਸੋ ਕਹਉ ॥
The Unfathomable and Unseen Primal Lord God, the Cause of causes – as He orders, so do I speak.
ਗੁਰ ਅਮਰਦਾਸ ਕਾਰਣ ਕਰਣ ਜਿਵ ਤੂ ਰਖਹਿ ਤਿਵ ਰਹਉ ॥੪॥੧੮॥
O Guru Amar Daas, Doer of deeds, Cause of causes, as You keep me, I remain; as You protect me, I survive. ||4||18||”
Then follow 2 Sawaiyyes by Bhatt Bhikha Ji. In the 1st Pada, Bhatt Bhikha Ji says the Guru (Shabad) provides Enlightenment and Inner Focus, where one’s essence (jeev) Unites with the Essence of Reality, (God, Jote). Only by immersing in the Truth, can the True Lord be known by single minded loving focus. As the focus intensifies, lust and anger are brought under control, and the mind (ਪਵਣੁ) does not wander about. One realises His Hukam, wisdom is obtained and he then resides in the Country of the Formless Lord (Sachkhand).
In this age of kaljug, the Guru (Shabad) is the Form of the Creator. Only one who has practiced this (Shabad Suratt) receives Realisation. Bhatt Bhikha says the Guru (Shabad Roop – Jote) has met me and lovingly Blessed me with His Darshan.
“ਭਿਖੇ ਕੇ ॥
ਗੁਰੁ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਅਰੁ ਧਿਆਨੁ ਤਤ ਸਿਉ ਤਤੁ ਮਿਲਾਵੈ ॥
In deep meditation, and the spiritual wisdom of the Guru, one’s essence merges with the essence of reality.
ਸਚਿ ਸਚੁ ਜਾਣੀਐ ਇਕ ਚਿਤਹਿ ਲਿਵ ਲਾਵੈ ॥
In truth, the True Lord is recognized and realized, when one is lovingly attuned to Him, with one-pointed consciousness.
ਕਾਮ ਕ੍ਰੋਧ ਵਸਿ ਕਰੈ ਪਵਣੁ ਉਡੰਤ ਨ ਧਾਵੈ ॥
Lust and anger are brought under control, when the breath does not fly around, wandering restlessly.
ਨਿਰੰਕਾਰ ਕੈ ਵਸੈ ਦੇਸਿ ਹੁਕਮੁ ਬੁਝਿ ਬੀਚਾਰੁ ਪਾਵੈ ॥
Dwelling in the land of the Formless Lord, realizing the Hukam of His Command, His contemplative wisdom is attained.
ਕਲਿ ਮਾਹਿ ਰੂਪੁ ਕਰਤਾ ਪੁਰਖੁ ਸੋ ਜਾਣੈ ਜਿਨਿ ਕਿਛੁ ਕੀਅਉ ॥
In this Dark Age of Kali Yuga, the Guru is the Form of the Creator, the Primal Lord God; he alone knows, who has tried it.
Those who have abandoned the Lord’s Name, and become attached to duality – why should I speak in praise of them?
ਗੁਰੁ ਦਯਿ ਮਿਲਾਯਉ ਭਿਖਿਆ ਜਿਵ ਤੂ ਰਖਹਿ ਤਿਵ ਰਹਉ ॥੨॥੨੦॥
So speaks Bhikhaa: the Lord has led me to meet the Guru. As You keep me, I remain; as You protect me, I survive. ||2||20||”
Bhatt Bhikha Ji’s two Sawaiyye conclude at //2//20, followed by one Sawaiyye by Bhatt Sal Ji.
Bhatt Sal Ji describes Guru Amardas Ji as a Warrior, ready for battle.
Wearing the armor of Simran and Samadhi, the Guru has mounted the saddled horse of Spiritual Wisdom. Holding the bow of Righteousness in His hands, He shoots the arrows of Saintly Humility and Devotion. Fear of the Lord’s Hukam in His mind, has rendered the Guru Fearless, and He has firmly implanted the Guru’s Shabad in His mind.
Guru Amardas Ji has cut down the demons of lust, anger, greed, emotional attachment and self-conceit. Guru Amardas Ji, the son of Tej Bhan, of the noble Bhalla dynasty, is the Kings of kings and has been blessed by Guru Nanak Dev Ji (Shabad Roop).
“ਪਹਿਰਿ ਸਮਾਧਿ ਸਨਾਹੁ ਗਿਆਨਿ ਹੈ ਆਸਣਿ ਚੜਿਅਉ ॥
Wearing the armor of Samaadhi, the Guru has mounted the saddled horse of spiritual wisdom.
ਧ੍ਰੰਮ ਧਨਖੁ ਕਰ ਗਹਿਓ ਭਗਤ ਸੀਲਹ ਸਰਿ ਲੜਿਅਉ ॥
Holding the bow of Dharma in His Hands, He has shot the arrows of devotion and humility.
ਭੈ ਨਿਰਭਉ ਹਰਿ ਅਟਲੁ ਮਨਿ ਸਬਦਿ ਗੁਰ ਨੇਜਾ ਗਡਿਓ ॥
He is fearless in the Fear of the Eternal Lord God; He has thrust the spear of the Word of the Guru’s Shabad into the mind.
ਕਾਮ ਕ੍ਰੋਧ ਲੋਭ ਮੋਹ ਅਪਤੁ ਪੰਚ ਦੂਤ ਬਿਖੰਡਿਓ ॥
He has cut down the five demons of unfulfilled sexual desire, unresolved anger, unsatisfied greed, emotional attachment and self-conceit.
ਭਲਉ ਭੂਹਾਲੁ ਤੇਜੋ ਤਨਾ ਨ੍ਰਿਪਤਿ ਨਾਥੁ ਨਾਨਕ ਬਰਿ ॥
Guru Amar Daas, the son of Tayj Bhaan, of the noble Bhalla dynasty, blessed by Guru Nanak, is the Master of kings.
SALL speaks the truth; O Guru Amar Daas, you have conquered the army of evil, fighting the battle this way. ||1||21||”
The numbering now ends at //1//21//.
The final Sawaiyya is by Bhatt Bhal Ji. In a very mystical tone, Bhatt Ji says the raindrops of the clouds, the plants of the earth, and the flowers of Spring cannot be counted. Who can gauge the limits of the rays of the sun and moon, or the waves of the ocean and the Ganges?
“ਘਨਹਰ ਬੂੰਦ ਬਸੁਅ ਰੋਮਾਵਲਿ ਕੁਸਮ ਬਸੰਤ ਗਨੰਤ ਨ ਆਵੈ ॥
The raindrops of the clouds, the plants of the earth, and the flowers of the spring cannot be counted.
They cross over the terrifying world-ocean in an instant; the Lord created the world like a bubble of water.” (Ang 1402)
So, Bhatt Ji says, with the amazing Powerful Meditation and Spiritual Wisdom of Guru Amardas Ji, all these uncountable things may well be counted. Yet, Guru Amardas Ji, Your Glorious Virtues and Glories are beyond counting and Your Praises truly befit only You.
ਭਲੇ ਅਮਰਦਾਸ ਗੁਣ ਤੇਰੇ ਤੇਰੀ ਉਪਮਾ ਤੋਹਿ ਬਨਿ ਆਵੈ ॥੧॥੨੨॥
O Guru Amar Daas, Your Glorious Virtues are so sublime; Your Praises belong only to You. ||1||22||
The Sawaiyye of Guru Amardas Ji ends here, with the numbering //1//22//, indicating there is only 1 Sawaiyya by Bhatt Bhal Ji, and the total number of Sawaiyye in Praise of Guru Amardas Ji are 22.